The Online Journal & Network of ASPA’s
Section for Public Management Practice
American Society for
Good Governance Worldwide Blog
Global Breezes – February 2017
Good Governance Worldwide Forum: Global Migration, Refugee Crises & Police-
Plans are now set for our pre-
The Good Governance Practice event has been scheduled to take place at the ASPA conference site in Atlanta (Sheraton Atlanta Hotel, 165 Courtland Street NE – Room: Atlanta 3)
The forum is an outgrowth of the 2017 ASPA Annual Conference theme – Reflecting on Challenges, Harnessing Opportunities – and aims to bring together practitioners and applied academics to help illuminate these challenges and to share and discuss promising case illustrations from across the global community of practice. The agenda is as follows:
4:15 PM – Welcome & Introductions: Warren Master, Editor-
Global Migration, Managing Refugee Crises and Police-
Moderator: William Waugh, PhD, Professor, Department of Public Management & Policy, Georgia State University
Presenter: Don Klingner, PhD, University of Colorado Distinguished Professor, MPA Director, School of Public Affairs,
Topic: Human Security Consequences of Global Migration: Public Management
Presenter: Hugo Renderos, PhD, Consultant, Consilium Group Advisors, Chairperson, ASPA’s International Chapter
Topic: Mitigating the Refugee & Migration Crisis in Central America's Northern Triangle
Presenter: David Simpson, Managing Director of Programs and Compliance
Volunteers for Economic Growth Alliance
Topic: Fostering Improved Police-
5:45 PM – Forum Adjourns
6:00 PM – Collaborative Section & Chapter Business Meeting
State of the Sections & Chapters (focus on opportunities to collaborate)
Plans & Priorities for 2017-
Election of SPMP Officers
Other Related Breezes
In the past year, there have been many posts on our Web site that illustrate good governance challenges pertinent to the March forum theme and panelist presentations. A few that should generate questions for our panelists might include:
After Fukushima: Citizen Preparedness for Nuclear Emergencies, by Itoko Suzuki – Last year marked the fifth anniversary of the devastating nuclear disaster caused by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS) accidents. ‘Fukushima’ brought human tragedy and unprecedented economic loss to Japan. Radiation is still leaking.
Still today tens of thousands of evacuees are still unable to return to their contaminated home towns. ‘Fukushima’ is not over and will continue for more than a century, much like Chernobyl.
Although triggered by gigantic tsunamis, following the Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred March 11, 2011, ‘Fukushima’ was a man-
The major lesson is that government must continue to prepare for the potential risks and crises of all Japanese NPS until they are decommissioned and buried in final storage. The world does not yet possess the necessary technology or have any feasible storage available for terminating the use of NPS. Preparedness means 1) the government makes emergency response management plans and informs citizens and 2) local citizens near the NPS must be provided with awareness education on NPS risks, including occasional drills for evacuation.
The question for our professional community is: What is the state of preparedness today?
The Syrian Refugee Crisis: A Perspective from Jordan, by Blake Evermon
The Syrian refugee crisis is nothing short of a growing humanitarian emergency in the Middle East, and its impact on Jordan has been especially difficult. It is estimated that 9 million people have fled Syria since March 2011 and that another 6 million are displaced within Syria. European states have recently pledged to accept over a million Syrian refugees in the coming year, with Germany alone pledging to receive 800,000.
But what is often asked is why the Muslim-
Many Middle Eastern countries face challenges when dealing with mass migration and Jordan is no exception. Despite being a relatively poor country, Jordan is charged with the formidable burden of accommodating a large numbers of refugees—nearly half of the national population. Jordan’s economy is among the smallest in the Middle East and it faces high unemployment, poverty, large budget deficits and heavy reliance on foreign aid. The country’s national infrastructure and social service programs face tremendous strain that is heightened by the Palestinian, Syrian and Iraqi refugee crises.
The United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) were formed to mitigate these crises. The UNRWA and the UNHCR estimate that over the last 60 years 2.7 million Palestinian and Iraqi refugees have arrived in Jordan to await repatriation and resettlement in their home countries. There are currently 10 UNRWA camps and 16 UNHCR camps located in Jordan that house approximately 1 million documented refugees—many others have no documentation at all. Jordan is home to the largest Palestinian refugee population and the second largest Iraqi refugee population in the world.
The question for our international public management community is: What is the state of play today and what must be done to move forward with alacrity?
Refugee Resettlement: An Emergency Management Issue, by Grant E. Rissler
In wealthy economies, migration policy is a controversial issue but rarely thought of in terms of emergency management. Instead, natural disasters or large-
The drama, painted in stark relief, shows the limits to national sovereignty that countries face as they attempt to strike a balance between humanitarian values (often specified in international treaties) and the mandate to manage the flow of migrants. Even as numerous countries welcomed large numbers of migrants, the challenge of long-
Here in the U.S., despite a much smaller number of refugee admissions, the search for best practices in integrating newcomers is also an important issue facing public administrators. According to the MIP Index, U.S. policies are the ninth best among developed nations. To look at this issue, we first examine where refugees are being resettled and then discuss briefly the political and logistical considerations that public administrators may face in providing services to newly arrived refugees.
Eritrea’s Migrant Crisis, by Matina Stevis and Joe Parkinson | Photos by Nichole Sobecki for The Wall Street Journal
The U.N. estimates that 5,000 citizens per month flee Eritrea and brave the world’s deadliest migrant trail, across the Sahara and the Mediterranean to Europe. They leave behind one of the world’s fastest-
Attention is focused, amid the intensifying migration crisis, on Syrians fleeing civil war and making a dramatic run to Europe. Yet by some measures, the exodus from the smaller Eritrea is more extreme. From the start of 2012 to the middle of 2016, 1 in 50 Eritreans sought asylum in Europe, nearly twice the ratio of Syrians, based on data from the European Union statistical service Eurostat.
The U.N. estimates that 400,000 Eritreans—9% of the population—have fled in recent years, not counting those who died or were stranded en route. On the rickety smuggling boats crossing the Mediterranean, Eritreans comfortably outnumber other nationalities. More than a quarter of the 132,000 migrants arriving in Italy between January and September were Eritreans, according to the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees.
Eritreans accounted for a majority of the 3,000 people who have drowned in the Mediterranean this year, humanitarian agencies say. Despite this toll, emigration here is accelerating. The number of Eritreans seeking asylum in Europe quadrupled from 2011 to 46,000 last year. The exodus is catapulting the African country to the center of a divisive EU debate over which nations’ migrants should be granted refugee status, as the bloc struggles to respond to the wave from Syria.
Eritrea is also under U.N. sanctions on a charge of supporting al Qaeda-
Again, the question for the professional public management community worldwide is: What is the state of play today in Eritrea, and what must be done to move forward on a humanitarian front?
Community Development After Disaster Strikes, by Adesanya Omoniyi ADEKOYA
For more than 10 years, the United States has faced serious environmental challenges in the form of flooding caused by hurricanes. It has led to wanton destruction of lives and properties in various degrees. This is in addition to the almost yearly fire outbreaks that ravage the southwestern part of the country. In California, these fires result in burning down the forests and distorting the ecosystem. Emission of carbon into the atmosphere, in particular, is also immeasurable.
Policymakers, commentators, scientists and other stakeholders have deduced many objective factors as the causes of these disasters. One of these is a “tropical depression” of the Atlantic Ocean. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) attributed the cause of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 to a tropical depression. Hurricane Katrina, described as the deadliest in America’s history, killed 1,833 people while millions of others were rendered homeless. The economy was reported to have lost a whopping $108 billion to this tornado. The windstorm was ranked sixth-
In 2012, Hurricane Sandy hit the U.S. and impacted neighboring territories and countries like Jamaica, Canada, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Puerto Rico and the Bahamas. In the U.S., 24 states were affected included New Jersey, New York, Florida, Maine, Michigan and Wisconsin, among others. Hurricane Sandy flooded streets, tunnels and subway lines, causing distortions to the socio-
Community intervention toward restoring general order should bring together all means of achieving this purpose. To achieve total equilibrium, legislative and legal, social, institutional and infrastructural measures have to be put in place. Community intervention should be aimed at resettling the society and preventing damages that might be caused by future disasters (since we cannot stop the occurrence of catastrophes).
In response to Hurricane Katrina, Congress passed an act to restructure the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), repositioning it to enhance its environmental communication and evacuation policies. There have been improved communications with non-
In light of more recent infrastructure failures – such as the current dam bursts and flooding in Northern California -
In Zambia’s Contentious Election, the EU Finds a New Challenge, by Bram Dijkstra This past August, Zambians narrowly re-
In the political arena, too, dividing lines have deepened. In the 2015 by-
The questions now, after the razor-
Zambia does not have the political or economic clout of a Kenya, Nigeria, or South Africa. But it does boast a record of 25 years of peaceful democratic consolidation. Zambia can be an inspirational example for a region in democratic distress. But the opposite is also true. The EU may be able to tip the balance in the right direction.
Next Month in Atlanta
I look forward to seeing many of our readers in Atlanta next month. Whether you plan to join us or not, please let us know what practice-
Cheers and all best for the rest of 2017,
Editor in Chief
ASPA’s Good Governance Worldwide